Podcast in English

Bulgarian National Radio © 2022 All Rights Reserved

The Lisbon Treaty – New Rules for the EU

After the Czech Prezident Waclaw Kalus /on the photo/ signed the Lisabon Treaty, the only obstacle for the reforms set in it, remains their actual implementation in the EU member countries.
Photo: BGENS

On November 3 the Czech Republic became the last country to ratify the Lisbon Treaty. This belated ratification stirred certain irritation among European leaders because, as ban Premier Boyko Borissov said, President Waclaw Kalus “has overdone tantalizing the EU”. Bulgaria ratified the Lisbon Treaty in March 2008, considering the document as a working and reasonable compromise, allowing Europe to become more stable and efficient.

From the long discussion on its institutional problems, the EU should nowadays pass onto conducting the reforms envisaged in the Treaty. A president of the European Council should be elected as well as a supreme representative for foreign policy of the union with enhanced potentials and a new European Commission. Internal rules should be reformed in such a way as to meet the arrival of 18 new European commissioners, one of whom would be Bulgarian. Furthermore new legislative rules and new procedures would be introduced in adopting EU budget, placing the European Parliament on an equal footing with the Council of the Union. This reform is meant to make the EU more efficient and quicker in making decisions with the equal participation of smaller members. Instead of the full majority required at present, as of 2014 decisions would be made with a qualified majority, which means 55% of member-states, representing at least 65% of the population of the EU. The implementation of the Lisbon Treaty would further enhance the role of national parliaments, because it allows them to take part in European legislation or at least in its preliminary discussion. Member-countries would be linked through a clause for solidarity in case of aggression and that is especially important for smaller nations. Thos who wish can further engage with a clause for joint defense. If they succeed in collecting 1 million subscriptions under a petition, EU citizens are entitled to demand from the European Commission to file a legislative draft-project. That would be a further step for overcoming what has been defined as a “deficit” of democracy in the EU.

But the new functioning of the union presupposes new responsibilities of national authorities. That puts forth the question whether they would be able to fully engage with them. Would Bulgaria’s Parliament be able to cope with these responsibilities and how under the Lisbon Treaty would they be distributed between national authorities and the EU. Current realities considered, these are highly difficult questions to answer.

English version: Iva Letnikova

More from category

The carpets of Kotel

“Ethnicity, colours and Kotel carpets” presents the arts and crafts of the Eastern Balkan Range

The festival “Ethnicity, colours and Kotel carpets” was presented at an online meeting connected with handicrafts in Bulgaria, the Bulgarian news agency BTA reports. A video presents the idea of the forum through the eyes of a child paying a..

published on 1/26/22 3:18 PM

Sirak Skitnik awards: Radio Bulgaria wins Grand Prix for significant contribution to the development of the BNR

Radio Bulgaria’s daily podcast Bulgaria Today in nine languages won the Grand Prix for significant contribution to the development of the Bulgarian National Radio. The Sirak Skitnik Grand Prix, named after the first director of Radio Sofia,..

published on 1/25/22 9:27 PM

The cleansing effects of the Covid-19 pandemic bringing forth one’s true self

The Covid-19 crisis delved deep into our souls and brought out thoughts, reactions and feelings we knew nothing of. Some plunged into the meaning of existence and thus looking for answers, step foot on the path to their spiritual enlightenment...

published on 1/25/22 1:49 PM
Подкасти от БНР