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Bulgaria lags behind in economic competitiveness: Global Competitiveness Yearbook 2021

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Bulgaria is in 53rd position out of 64 countries in the Global Competitiveness Yearbook 2021 of the Swiss Institute for Management Development (IMD), dropping 5 positions compared to 2020 and 15 compared to 2009.

The principal challenges Bulgaria’s competitiveness faces are political instability, slow vaccination rate, limited access to e-government, slow energy transition and high energy costs to businesses. Other problem areas include quality of university education, brain drain and low spending on scientific activity and research and development as well as durable problems in administration and corruption. 

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