Gold artefacts from the Varna Necropolis
An international conference marking 50 years since the opening of the Varna Necropolis has brought together 26 scientists from 6 countries in Varna. The find, discovered on the outskirts of the city of Varna and causing a worldwide sensation, includes more than 3,000 gold artefacts with a total weight of more than 6 kg found in the graves. Today, the most ancient processed gold in the world shines in the windows of the Varna Archaeological Museum, and in 2021, after a 30-year hiatus, the excavations of the necropolis were renewed, BNR Varna reported.
At the forum, scientists discuss problems of the Stone-Copper Age in the Western Black Sea and neighbouring regions, the emergence and development of early metallurgy, peculiarities of burial practices, the emergence of power institutions and the social structure during the Chalcolithic Age.
The Varna Chalcolithic Necropolis was discovered by chance in 1972 during excavations for laying a telephone cable in the city's Western Industrial Zone. At a depth of 1.40 m, the excavator Raicho Marinov found many gold objects, copper and flint tools. This took place on the northern shore of Lake Varna, 200 m from the water.